Long Spurred Violet (Viola rostrata)

  Scientific Name: Viola rostrata Common Name: Long spurred violet Description of facts and concepts: The spur is at least as long as the petal blades. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Purple Height: 8″ Spread: 6″ Family: Violet…

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)

Scientific Name: Caltha palustris Common Name: Marsh marigold Description of facts and concepts: This early spring flower is said to be deer resistant, but at Powdermill deer eat it when they can get near it. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): March W4 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color…

May Apple (Podophyllum peltatum)

  AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Podophyllum peltatum Common Name: May Apple Description of facts and concepts: Has one to two umbrella shaped leaves. Plants with two leaves flower and produce fleshy white flowers and fruit. Native Americans used may apple to treat internal parasite infections, vomiting, and constipation. Seed or…

Mexican Evening Primrose (Oenothera speciosa)

Scientific Name: Oenothera speciosa Common Name: Mexican evening primrose Description of facts and concepts: A vigorous, stoloniferous grower, especially in sandy soils. Long blooming. Changes color when pollinated. Seed or division information: Seeds or stolons Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W4 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Pink Height: 12″ Spread:…

Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata)

Scientific Name: Phlox subulata Common Name: Moss Phlox Description of facts and concepts: Evergreen groundcover with narrow leaves Seed or division information: Root cuttings in fall Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W2 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Pink or white Height: 3″ Spread: 12″ Family: Phlox Soil Type: Base to…

Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)

Scientific Name: Physocarpus opulifolius Common Name: Ninebark Description of facts and concepts: This deciduous shrub is a magnet for small pollinators like native bees, which swarm over the flowers all summer. The exfoliating bark is attractive in winter. Will grow under all kinds of conditions. Seed or division information: Seeds, cuttings Date of flower’s bloom…

Nodding Wakerobin (Trillium flexipes)

Scientific Name: Trillium flexipes Common Name: Nodding wake robin Description of facts and concepts: A southern species of Trillium with bent stems Seed or division information: Seeds or division of bulb Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 16″ Spread: 12″ Family: Melanthianceae…

Orris Root (Bearded Iris) (Iris florentina)

Scientific Name: Iris florentina Common Name: Orris root (bearded Iris) Description of facts and concepts: More widely recognized as bearded iris. Once dried, the root has a violet-like scent and has historically been used to scent perfumes and potpourris. Seed or division information: Lift rhizomes and cut apart in July Date of flower’s bloom (Month…

Ozark Witch Hazel (Hamamelis vernalis)

Scientific Name: Hamamelis vernalis Common Name: Ozark Witch Hazel Description of facts and concepts: One of the earliest blooming deciduous shrubs, with a rich, spicy fragrance like cloves. Seed or division information: Root suckers; difficult from seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): March W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Red-orange…

Pennsylvania Sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

Scientific Name: Carex pensylvanica Common Name: Pennsylvania Sedge Description of facts and concepts: Cool season, stoloniferous sedge that is one of the first to green up in spring. Forms a good sod. Seed or division information: Divisions in early spring Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color…

Pink Lady’s Slipper, Moccasin Flower (Cypripedium acaule )

  Scientific Name: Cypripedium acaule Common Name: Pink Lady’s Slipper, Moccasin Flower Description of facts and concepts: Seeds and root divisions, but the pink lady’s slipper interacts with a fungus in the soil from the Rhizoctonia genus. Generally, orchid seeds do not have food supplies inside them as other seeds do. Pink lady’s slipper seeds…

Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa)

Scientific Name: Opuntia humifusa Common Name: Prickly pear cactus Description of facts and concepts: Spiny pads eaten by deer Seed or division information: Replant pup pads Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Yellow Height: 9″ Spread: 12″ Family: Cactus Soil Type: Base to Acidic Gravel…

Pussytoes (Antennaria virginica)

Scientific Name: Antennaria virginica (virginiana) Common Name: Pussytoes Description of facts and concepts: Evergreen groundcover, foodplant of the American Lady butterfly Seed or division information: Seeds, or divide whole plants in early spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W2 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 3″ Spread: 12″ Family:…

Ramps (Allium tricoccum)

Scientific Name: Allium tricoccum Common Name: Ramps Description of facts and concepts: An edible onion, which has become a culinary trend. Don’t harvest in the wild; grow your own. Seed or division information: Seeds, divisions in spring or fall Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W3 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of…

Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra)

Scientific Name: Actaea rubra Common Name: Red Baneberry Description of facts and concepts: A bushy plant with saw-toothed leaves and clusters of white flowers. It produces a poisonous bright red fruit. Traditionally used to treat gynecological disorders, but reportedly had negative side effects. Seed or division information: Seeds or bare root in fall Date of…

Rue anemone, windflower (Anemonella thalictroides)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Anemonella thalictroides Common Name: Rue anemone, windflower Description of facts and concepts: Toxic native perennial used by American Indians for vomiting. Seed or division information: Division or seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W1, through the spring Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color…

Shale Barrens Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata brittonii)

Scientific Name: Phlox subulata brittonii Common Name: Shale barrens moss Phlox Description of facts and concepts: This tiny ground cover thrives on dry slopes and on channery Seed or division information: Cuttings in fall Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W3 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Pink, white Height: 3″ Spread:…

Silver Sedge (Carex platyphylla)

Scientific Name: Carex platyphylla Common Name: Silver Sedge Description of facts and concepts: Clump-forming cool season sedge with wide, powder-blue leaves. Better than hostas as a foliage plant in the woods. Seed or division information: Divisions in early spring Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of…