Cup Plant (Silphium perfoliatum)

Scientific Name: Silphium perfoliatum Common Name: Cup plant Description of facts and concepts: Cupped leaves provide food and drink Seed or division information: Seeds or plugs Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): August W4 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower: Yellow Height: 4-10′ Spread: 24″ Family: Aster Soil Type: Base to Acidic…

Cutleaf Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata)

Scientific Name: Cardamine concatenata Common Name: Cutleaf Toothwort Description of facts and concepts: This fragile wildflower is the larval host plant for Pieris virginiana, the toothwort white butterfly Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Pink Height: 12″ Spread: 12″…

Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Goodyera pubescens Common Name: Downy Rattlesnake Plantain Description of facts and concepts: A small orchid named for the snake-skin pattern of white veins over the dark green background of the leaf. An erect floral stalk bears many small, white flowers. The tiny flowers on tall spikes resemble the commercially grown orchids of the…

Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

  Scientific Name: Dicentra cucullaria Common Name: Dutchman’s breeches Description of facts and concepts: Looks like tiny laundry on a line. A true spring ephemeral, it will fade away by mid-summer Seed or division information: Seeds and divisions from the rhizome Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden…

Dwarf Crested Iris (Iris cristata)

  Scientific Name: Iris cristata Common Name: Dwarf crested iris Description of facts and concepts: A low growing, rapidly spreading plant that features lilac and lavender flowers during April. Seeds are unreliable because of poor set, but should be sown fresh. Much easier is to lift the rhizomes (roots) and divide them into pieces in…

Dwarf Ginseng (Panax trifolius)

Scientific Name: Panax trifolius Common Name: Dwarf ginseng Description of facts and concepts: The medicinal properties belong to P. quinqufolia Seed or division information: Seeds. The small roots are wary of being moved. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 6″ Spread: 12″…

Dwarf Hairy Beardtongue (Penstemon hirsutis pygmaeus)

Scientific Name: Penstemon hirsutis pygmaeus Common Name: Dwarf hairy beardtongue Description of facts and concepts: This short plant is great for rock gardens and borders. Seed or division information: Seeds and stem cuttings Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W3 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Lavender Height: 6-8″ Spread: 10″ Family:…

False Aster (Boltonia asteroides)

Scientific Name: Boltonia asteroides Common Name: False Aster Description of facts and concepts: Hundreds of white daisies make a massive bloom statement Seed or division information: Seeds must be stratified to germinate. Divisions of the roots in spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): August W2 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower:…

Fernleaf Phacelia (Phacelia bipinnatafida)

Scientific Name: Phacelia bipinnatafida Common Name: Fernleaf Phacelia Description of facts and concepts: This biennial blooms with blue phlox and looks very similar, but it has its own charm. Seed or division information: Seeds readily Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Lavender Height: 12″…

Fire Pink (Silene virginica)

Scientific Name: Silene virginica Common Name: Fire Pink Description of facts and concepts: A wildflower with 5 distinct notched red petals. Growing 20” tall, this plant blooms during early summer. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Red Height: 1-2′…

Flowering Tobacco (Nicotiana alata)

Scientific Name: Nicotiana alata Common Name: Flowering tobacco Description of facts and concepts: The white fragrant flowers open at night to attract moths. Larval host plant of the tomato hornworm Seed or division information: Scatter seeds in early spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): August W1 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower:…

Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Tiarella cordifolia Common Name: Foamflower Description of facts and concepts: A rapidly spreading clump-forming plant that has glossy heart-shaped leaves with 3-5 lobes. The tiny white flowers have a foamy texture. This lovely native groundcover should be used before ivy, vinca or the Japanese pachysandra, since it…

Giant Sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

Scientific Name: Helianthus giganteus Common Name: Giant sunflower Description of facts and concepts: This tall prairie sunflower has coarse leaves and spreads gently. Seed or division information: Seeds or divisions of the rhizomes in spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W4 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower: Yellow Height: 8-10′…

Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea)

Scientific Name: Zizia aurea Common Name: Golden Alexanders Description of facts and concepts: Early summer flowers feed many short-tongued insects. Food plant of the Black swallowtail butterfly. Seed or division information: Short-lived but will self-seed. Divisions in early spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W2 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of…

Golden Club (Orontium aquaticum)

Scientific Name: Orontium aquaticum Common Name: Golden club Description of facts and concepts: This is the only species in the genus, although there are several extinct species described from fossils. The flower stalks are long pointed wands. Seed or division information: Seeds sown as soon as they ripen in early summer Date of flower’s bloom…

Golden Ragwort (Packera (Senecio) aureus)

Scientific Name: Packera aureus Common Name: Golden Ragwort Description of facts and concepts: The earliest composite (daisy) to bloom in spring, with bright yellow flowers. Seed or division information: Easy from seed Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Yellow Height: 16″ Spread: 16″ Family:…

Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Scientific Name: Solidago canadensis Common Name: Goldenrod Description of facts and concepts: A spreading, aggressive native plant with showy spikes of yellow flowers. Not the plant which provokes hay fever; ragweed does that. Seed or division information: Seeds and spreads by stolons Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W4 Garden Name: Sunny Garden…

Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Scientific Name: Lobelia siphilitica Common Name: Great blue Lobelia Description of facts and concepts: Found along stream banks and pond edges, making large colonies where happy. Seed or division information: Seeds and divisions from the roots. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W3 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower: Blue Height:…