Allegheny Spurge (Pachysandra procumbens)

  Scientific Name: Pachysandra procumbens Common Name: Allegheny Spurge Description of facts and concepts: A groundcover that blooms with fragrant, white bottlebrush shaped flowers in the spring. Seed or division information: Division or cuttings Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 10″ Spread:…

Alum Root (Heuchera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Heuchera pubescens Common Name: Alum Root Description of facts and concepts: The plant was used as an astringent and poultice during the Civil War, pulling wounds together and stopping excessive bleeding. Wounds were then packed with sphagnum moss. These practices saved many lives. Green flowers in June. Seed or division information: Seeds and…

Bishop’s Cap, Miterwort (Mitella diphylla )

AR & VR 3D Plant Model ; Scientific Name: Mitella diphylla Common Name: Bishop’s cap, Miterwort Description of facts and concepts: This plant is grown for its attractive leaves and its tiny, exquisite flowers. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds, which look like small miters. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4…

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga (Actaea) racemosa)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Actaea racemosa Common Name: Black cohosh Description of facts and concepts: Tall bottlebrush flowers in summer Seed or division information: Move small plants in early spring, or start from seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower:…

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra eximia)

  Scientific Name: Dicentra eximia Common Name: Bleeding Heart Description of facts and concepts: A genus with several eastern US species and some from the west coast Seed or division information: Seeds and divisions from the rhizome Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady woodland garden Color of Flower: Pink…

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

  Scientific Name: Sanguinaria canadensis Common Name: Bloodroot Description of facts and concepts: One of the earliest blooming spring wildflowers. Their white flowers open during the day and may last only 1-2 days. The bright red sap of the roots was used by Native Americans to produce dyes. Seed or division information: Easy to divide…

Blue Wood Sedge (Carex flaccosperma)

Scientific Name: Carex flaccosperma Common Name: Blue Wood Sedge Description of facts and concepts: This narrow leaf sedge is a good replacement for liriope, which it resembles. Seed or division information: Divisions in early spring Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Glaucus blue Height:…

Border Phlox (Phlox paniculata)

Scientific Name: Phlox paniculata Common Name: Border Phlox Description of facts and concepts: Usually described as the “backbone of the herbaceous border”, its flowers come in a wide variety of colors except yellow and blooms throughout July and August. At 3-4’, border phlox is sweetly scented and survives in moist to well-drained rich soil. Seed…

Christmas Fern (Polistichum acrostichoides)

  AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Polistichum acrostichoides Common Name: Christmas fern Description of facts and concepts: Evergreen fern for neutral woods. Seed or division information: Divide large roots in early spring Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Green Height: 16″…

Cinnamon Fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)

  AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Osmunda cinnamomea Common Name: Cinnamon fern Description of facts and concepts: The cinnamon-brown fruiting stalks give this fern its name. A large and dramatic fern. Seed or division information: Spores, or divide the creeping rhizome. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W3 Garden…

Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis Common Name: Columbine Description of facts and concepts: A drooping bell wildflower that blooms during the spring. Quite attractive to hummingbirds. Seed or division information: Easy from seed, but will germinate more uniformly if given three weeks of chilling at 40 degrees F. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April…

Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Viola sororia Common Name: Common Blue Violet Description of facts and concepts: This “weed” of lawns is widespread.  An edible native (both flowers and leaves) high in Vitamin C and potassium.  Seeds are cleistogamous, producing seeds underground without pollination.  Pollination of the flower results in normal…

Coral Bells (Heuchera americana)

Scientific Name: Heuchera americana Common Name: Coral Bells Description of facts and concepts: A clump forming plant with heart shaped leaves. In the early summer, longer stems emerge from the leaves to produce bell-shaped flowers. Seed or division information: Seeds or root divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W3 Garden Name: Shady…

Cream Violet (Viola striata)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Viola striata Common Name: Cream Violet Description of facts and concepts: Produces white flowers with purple veins striping the lower petals in the spring. “Striata” means striped in Latin. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W1 Garden Name: Shady…

Creeping Phlox (Phlox stolonifera)

Scientific Name: Phlox stolonifera Common Name: Creeping Phlox Description of facts and concepts: Pink in PA and blue in GA, this groundcovering phlox has intermediate color forms throughout the range. Powdermill has an especially fine form with wide and brilliant petals. Seed or division information: Seeds, or divide whole plants in early spring. Date of…

Crows Foot Sedum (Sedum ternatum)

Scientific Name: Sedum ternatum Common Name: Crow’s foot Sedum Description of facts and concepts: A tiny sedum for shade with starry flowers . Seed or division information: Seeds, or divide whole plants in early spring. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 6″…

Cutleaf Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata)

Scientific Name: Cardamine concatenata Common Name: Cutleaf Toothwort Description of facts and concepts: This fragile wildflower is the larval host plant for Pieris virginiana, the toothwort white butterfly Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Pink Height: 12″ Spread: 12″…

Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Goodyera pubescens Common Name: Downy Rattlesnake Plantain Description of facts and concepts: A small orchid named for the snake-skin pattern of white veins over the dark green background of the leaf. An erect floral stalk bears many small, white flowers. The tiny flowers on tall spikes resemble the commercially grown orchids of the…