Allegheny Spurge (Pachysandra procumbens)

  Scientific Name: Pachysandra procumbens Common Name: Allegheny Spurge Description of facts and concepts: A groundcover that blooms with fragrant, white bottlebrush shaped flowers in the spring. Seed or division information: Division or cuttings Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 10″ Spread:…

Alum Root (Heuchera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Heuchera pubescens Common Name: Alum Root Description of facts and concepts: The plant was used as an astringent and poultice during the Civil War, pulling wounds together and stopping excessive bleeding. Wounds were then packed with sphagnum moss. These practices saved many lives. Green flowers in June. Seed or division information: Seeds and…

Aromatic Aster (Aster oblongifolius)

Scientific Name: Aster oblongifolius Common Name: Aromatic Aster Description of facts and concepts: Short, mounds of blue flowers bloom in September and October. These plants are highly drought tolerant and grow to 18” tall. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds or divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): September W3 Garden Name: Sunny…

Barrens Stonecrop (Sedum (Hylotelephium) telephiodes)

Scientific Name: Hylotelephium telephiodes Common Name: Barrens Stonecrop Description of facts and concepts: Soft pink flowers in late summer Seed or division information: Seeds or divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): October W1 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Pink Height: 36″ Spread: 24″ Family: Stonecrop Soil Type: Base to Acidic Neutral…

Bearberry, Kinninnick (Arctostaphyllus uva-ursi)

Scientific Name: Arctostaphyllus uva-ursi Common Name: Bearberry, Kinninnick Description of facts and concepts: This circumpolar evergreen groundcover produces tiny flowers and red berries. Grows in very poor soil. Seed or division information: Root cuttings in early spring or fall Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower:…

Beebalm (Monarda didyma)

Scientific Name: Monarda didyma Common Name: Beebalm Description of facts and concepts: With white, pink, lavender, or bright red flowers, beebalm attracts butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds with its long, tubular flowers. In full sun and moist soil, it blooms in July and August, growing to  3-5’. Seed or division information: Divide the surface runners in…

Bishop’s Cap, Miterwort (Mitella diphylla )

AR & VR 3D Plant Model ; Scientific Name: Mitella diphylla Common Name: Bishop’s cap, Miterwort Description of facts and concepts: This plant is grown for its attractive leaves and its tiny, exquisite flowers. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds, which look like small miters. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April W4…

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga (Actaea) racemosa)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Actaea racemosa Common Name: Black cohosh Description of facts and concepts: Tall bottlebrush flowers in summer Seed or division information: Move small plants in early spring, or start from seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower:…

Blanket Flower (Gaillardia aristata)

  Scientific Name: Gaillardia aristata Common Name: Blanket flower Description of facts and concepts: Short lived low perennials bloom most of the summer with bright petals of red, yellow and orange. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W4 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Red,…

Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)

Scientific Name: Liatris spicata Common Name: Blazing Star Description of facts and concepts: Upright flower spikes of pale purple and white bloom in July and August and are highly attractive to butterflies. Surviving in very dry sites, this plant grows 2’4 tall. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds  or offsets Date of flower’s bloom…

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra eximia)

  Scientific Name: Dicentra eximia Common Name: Bleeding Heart Description of facts and concepts: A genus with several eastern US species and some from the west coast Seed or division information: Seeds and divisions from the rhizome Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady woodland garden Color of Flower: Pink…

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

  Scientific Name: Sanguinaria canadensis Common Name: Bloodroot Description of facts and concepts: One of the earliest blooming spring wildflowers. Their white flowers open during the day and may last only 1-2 days. The bright red sap of the roots was used by Native Americans to produce dyes. Seed or division information: Easy to divide…

Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor )

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Iris versicolor Common Name: Blue flag iris Description of facts and concepts: “Versicolor” means “variously colored” and that’s why another common name is “harlequin flower.” The yellow flag iris is from Europe and is an invasive species, pushing out the native flag iris. Do not plant…

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)

Scientific Name: Verbena hastata Common Name: Blue vervain Description of facts and concepts: Candelabra spikes on tall stems Seed or division information: Seeds or plugs Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): July W4 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower: Purple Height: 2-6′ Spread: 24″ Family: Vervain Soil Type: Base to Acidic Basic,…

Blue Wood Sedge (Carex flaccosperma)

Scientific Name: Carex flaccosperma Common Name: Blue Wood Sedge Description of facts and concepts: This narrow leaf sedge is a good replacement for liriope, which it resembles. Seed or division information: Divisions in early spring Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Glaucus blue Height:…

Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium )

Scientific Name: Sisyrinchium angustifolium Common Name: Blue-Eyed Grass Description of facts and concepts: This adorable tiny iris looks like a grass from its foliage, but close examination of the flower reveals the six petals of an iris. This is a good groundcover in soils that don’t dry out. Shear it back to prevent seeding around…

Bluets (Houstonia caerulea)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Houstonia caerulea Common Name: Bluets or Quaker ladies Description of facts and concepts: Clusters of small blue flowers on wiry stems, appearing most often along roadsides, edges of woods, and sometimes on mossy banks. This perennial  has opposite leaves in and grows in great masses, well…

Boneset (Eupatorim (Eutrochium) perfoliatum)

Scientific Name: Eutrochium perfoliatum Common Name: Boneset Description of facts and concepts: White flat-topped flowers over deep green foliage Seed or division information: Seeds or divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): September W2 Garden Name: Sunny Wetland Garden Color of Flower: White Height: 3-4′ Spread: 24″ Family: Aster Soil Type: Base to Acidic…