Alum Root (Heuchera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Heuchera pubescens Common Name: Alum Root Description of facts and concepts: The plant was used as an astringent and poultice during the Civil War, pulling wounds together and stopping excessive bleeding. Wounds were then packed with sphagnum moss. These practices saved many lives. Green flowers in June. Seed or division information: Seeds and…

Aromatic Aster (Aster oblongifolius)

Scientific Name: Aster oblongifolius Common Name: Aromatic Aster Description of facts and concepts: Short, mounds of blue flowers bloom in September and October. These plants are highly drought tolerant and grow to 18” tall. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds or divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): September W3 Garden Name: Sunny…

Beebalm (Monarda didyma)

Scientific Name: Monarda didyma Common Name: Beebalm Description of facts and concepts: With white, pink, lavender, or bright red flowers, beebalm attracts butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds with its long, tubular flowers. In full sun and moist soil, it blooms in July and August, growing to  3-5’. Seed or division information: Divide the surface runners in…

Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)

Scientific Name: Liatris spicata Common Name: Blazing Star Description of facts and concepts: Upright flower spikes of pale purple and white bloom in July and August and are highly attractive to butterflies. Surviving in very dry sites, this plant grows 2’4 tall. Seed or division information: Easy from seeds  or offsets Date of flower’s bloom…

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra eximia)

  Scientific Name: Dicentra eximia Common Name: Bleeding Heart Description of facts and concepts: A genus with several eastern US species and some from the west coast Seed or division information: Seeds and divisions from the rhizome Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W2 Garden Name: Shady woodland garden Color of Flower: Pink…

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

  Scientific Name: Sanguinaria canadensis Common Name: Bloodroot Description of facts and concepts: One of the earliest blooming spring wildflowers. Their white flowers open during the day and may last only 1-2 days. The bright red sap of the roots was used by Native Americans to produce dyes. Seed or division information: Easy to divide…

Bluets (Houstonia caerulea)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Houstonia caerulea Common Name: Bluets or Quaker ladies Description of facts and concepts: Clusters of small blue flowers on wiry stems, appearing most often along roadsides, edges of woods, and sometimes on mossy banks. This perennial  has opposite leaves in and grows in great masses, well…

Border Phlox (Phlox paniculata)

Scientific Name: Phlox paniculata Common Name: Border Phlox Description of facts and concepts: Usually described as the “backbone of the herbaceous border”, its flowers come in a wide variety of colors except yellow and blooms throughout July and August. At 3-4’, border phlox is sweetly scented and survives in moist to well-drained rich soil. Seed…

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

   Scientific Name: Asclepias tuberosa Common Name: Butterfly Weed Description of facts and concepts: Blooming in June and July, the bright orange clustered flowers attract bees as well as butterflies. Monarch butterfly caterpillars particularly feed on the leaves of this 1-3’ plant and accumulate toxins from its sap as a defense strategy. Seed or division…

Chives (Allium schenoprasum)

Scientific Name: Allium schenoprasum Common Name: Chives Description of facts and concepts: Leaves and flowers in salads, vegetables, poultry, fish, eggs, and butters, Lavender flowers in June. Seed or division information: Seeds. Divisions of the small bulbs Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W2 Garden Name: Sunny Garden Color of Flower: Purple Height:…

Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis Common Name: Columbine Description of facts and concepts: A drooping bell wildflower that blooms during the spring. Quite attractive to hummingbirds. Seed or division information: Easy from seed, but will germinate more uniformly if given three weeks of chilling at 40 degrees F. Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): April…

Coral Bells (Heuchera americana)

Scientific Name: Heuchera americana Common Name: Coral Bells Description of facts and concepts: A clump forming plant with heart shaped leaves. In the early summer, longer stems emerge from the leaves to produce bell-shaped flowers. Seed or division information: Seeds or root divisions Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): May W3 Garden Name: Shady…

Cream Violet (Viola striata)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model   Scientific Name: Viola striata Common Name: Cream Violet Description of facts and concepts: Produces white flowers with purple veins striping the lower petals in the spring. “Striata” means striped in Latin. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W1 Garden Name: Shady…

Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens)

Scientific Name: Goodyera pubescens Common Name: Downy Rattlesnake Plantain Description of facts and concepts: A small orchid named for the snake-skin pattern of white veins over the dark green background of the leaf. An erect floral stalk bears many small, white flowers. The tiny flowers on tall spikes resemble the commercially grown orchids of the…

Dwarf Crested Iris (Iris cristata)

  Scientific Name: Iris cristata Common Name: Dwarf crested iris Description of facts and concepts: A low growing, rapidly spreading plant that features lilac and lavender flowers during April. Seeds are unreliable because of poor set, but should be sown fresh. Much easier is to lift the rhizomes (roots) and divide them into pieces in…

Fire Pink (Silene virginica)

Scientific Name: Silene virginica Common Name: Fire Pink Description of facts and concepts: A wildflower with 5 distinct notched red petals. Growing 20” tall, this plant blooms during early summer. Seed or division information: Seeds Date of flower’s bloom (Month and week): June W1 Garden Name: Shady Woodland Garden Color of Flower: Red Height: 1-2′…

Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Tiarella cordifolia Common Name: Foamflower Description of facts and concepts: A rapidly spreading clump-forming plant that has glossy heart-shaped leaves with 3-5 lobes. The tiny white flowers have a foamy texture. This lovely native groundcover should be used before ivy, vinca or the Japanese pachysandra, since it…

Greenbrier, catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)

AR & VR 3D Plant Model Scientific Name: Smilax rotundifolia Common Name: Greenbrier, catbrier Description of facts and concepts: Green stout thorny climbing shrub to 30’. Leaves leathery, round, shiny, basal leaves heart shaped.  Lily family, found in dry woods and thickets. Thorny, not recommended for garden but found in woodlands. Seed or division information:…